Abstracts

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3, 2013

The role of V.F. Surovikin in the Creation and Development of National Carbon Black Industry Likholobov V.A., Shopin V.M., Surovikin Yu.V., Pyanova L.G., Razdyakonova G.I. (P.4)

Description of the creative life of V.F. Surovikin the prominent USSR and RF scientist and his role in creation and development of national carbon black industry.

Key words: carbon black industry

State of Art and Development Prospects of Carbon Black Production Razdyakonova G.I., Kokhanovskaya O.A. (P.10 )

Review devoted to development of carbon black production in Russia and in the world

Key words: carbon black, production, consumption, modification, carbon-silica fillers

Regularities of Formation and Physicochemical Properties of Conductive Carbon Black Synthesized by the Thermooxidative Pyrolysis of Hydrocarbons in Turbulent Flows Razdyakonova G.I., Likholobov V.A. (P.16 )

Synthesis and properties of conductive carbon blacks produced by thermooxidative pyrolysis of hydrocarbons in turbulent flows is described. Effect of synthesis conditions are analyzed.

Key words: carbon black, synthesis conditions, electrical conductivity, functional groups, structure

Some Featers of Production and Deposition of Conductive Carbon Black Aerosol with Improved Physicochemical Properties Shopin V.M., Dmitriev K.I., Pyanova L.G., Drozdov V.A., Fedotov D.B. (P.20 )

Synthesis of conductive carbon black and coagulation of its aerosol upon filtering of aerosol flow in a layer of carbon granules were studied. Physicochemical properties of the test sample of conductive carbon black were compared to those of its foreign analogs.

Key words: conductive carbon black, aerosol flow, coagulation, dispersion, structural ordering, grained filter

Electrical Conductivity of Rubbers Filled with Carbon Black Razdyakonova G.I. (P24. )

The state-of-the-art studies on the application of conductive carbon black in rubbers are analyzed. Experimental data concerning the effect of carbon black specific surface area, functional composition and structure of its particles on the volume resistivity of powder and rubbers are presented.

Key words: electrical conductivity, carbon black, volume resistivity, functional groups, electro conductive rubbers

Modification of Carbon Black by Oxidation as a Way to Produce its Various Species Razdyakonova G.I., Kokhanovskaya O.A. (P.28 )

A review of the methods used in practice to modify carbon black by the oxidation in liquid and gas phases is presented. Regularities of the oxidative stability of carbon black in a hydrogen peroxide medium are revealed.

Key words: carbon black, hydrogen peroxide, oxidation stability, modification

Structural transformations of different carbon blacks exposed under pulsed high energy density electron beam Trenikhin M.V., Kryazhev Yu.G, Koval N.N., , A. D. Teresov G. M., Protasova O.V., Drozdov V.A., Likholobov V. A. (P.30 )

Possibility of the use of a high energy density pulsed electron beam to the structural transformation of the globular particles of carbon is shown. Different versions of nanostructured carbon particles are obtained.

Key words: carbon black, nanostructures, pulsed electron beam.

Raman Spectroscopy Study of Conductive Nanodisperse Carbon Shaitanov A.G., Surovikin Yu.V., Morozov A.D., Rezanov I.V. (P.32 )

Microstructure of nanodisperse carbon particles were studied by means of transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and Raman spectroscopy. Changes in the parameters of Raman bands and interplanar distances d002 in the graphite-like layers of particles under steam activation at 1150 and their correlation to changes in electrical conductivity were found. Parameters of D-band can be used to create the identification system for nanodisperse carbon.

Key words: Raman spectroscopy, electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, nanodisperse carbon, D-bands of Raman spectra, electrical conductivity

Morphological Characteristic of Carbon Blacks of New Series UM Kovaleva L.A., Ovsyannikov N.Ya., Kornev A.E., Karelina V.N., Estrin R.I. (P.36 )

Morphology of crystallites of particles of different carbon black grades and rheological properties of model dispersion were studied by means of different methods. The ability of high-dispersity fillers UM to structure formation was shown.

Key words: carbon black, crystallite, dispersity, specific adsorptive surface, primary aggregate, model dispersion, critical shear stress.

Effect of the Carbon Black Functional Composition on Interfacial Layers in a Rubber Medium Razdyakonova G.I., Kiseleva E.A. (P.40 )

Effect of the type of functional groups on the surface of carbon black particles on adsorption characteristic has been studied. Activation energy of sorption of polyisoprene macromolecules on the oxidized surface of carbon black is higher than that on the degassed surface and depends on the concentration of oxygen functional groups. Selective sorption of the low-molecular fractions of polyisoprene on the carbon surface containing oxygen functional groups was shown. Dimensions of polyisoprene adsorption layers depend on the structure of functional groups.

Key words: carbon black, functional groups, sorption of macromolecules, polyisoprene, activation energy

Study of Coagulation of Aerosol Particles and Disaggregation of Nanoglobular Disperse Carbon Powders in Air Flow Shopin V.M., Dmitriev K.I. (P.44 )

The disperse composition of nanoglobular carbon black at coagulation of aerosol particles and disaggregation of powders in aerosol flow was studied by means of rotary dispersion analyzer. Quantitative characteristics of aerosol of carbon black samples of different physicochemical properties were calculated.

Key words: carbon black, disperse composition, coagulation, disaggregation, aerosol flow, rotary analyzer, lognormal distribution

Hydrocarbon Vapor Recovery from By-Product Coke Wastes in Carbon Black Production Shopin V.M., Dmitriev K.I., Zmeykov S.A., Poddubnyak A.N., Pushkareva E.P. (P.48 )

A two-step treatment of atmospheric effluents from by-product coke wastes in carbon black production was studied. Conditions providing the efficient hydrocarbon vapor recovery with the use of synthetic carbon sorbent were shown.

Key words: by-product coke wastes, hydrocarbons, gas-vapor mixture, carbon sorbent, crystallizer, recovery efficiency.

On the Replacement of Channel Carbon Black K-354 in the Rubber Formulations for Technical Rubber Goods Razdyakonova G.I., Morozov Yu.L., Kanauzova A.A., Rakhmatulin T.T., Fomina L.G., Likholobov V.A., Reznichenko S.V. (P.52 )

A comparative study of new carbon black P-354 and channel carbon black K-354 in compounds based on butadiene acrylonitrile and butyl rubber was performed. Physicochemical properties of carbon black samples, processing properties of rubber compounds, physical and mechanical properties of rubbers and their stability in aggressive media were studied. Results show that in rubber compounds K-354 can be replaced by the new carbon black P-354.

Key words: carbon black, channel carbon black, specific surface area, functional groups, butadiene acrylonitrile rubber, butyl rubber, processing properties of rubber compounds, physical and mechanical properties of rubber

Modification of Carbon Materials by Polymers of Amino and Hydroxy Acids is a Promising Approach To The Synthesis of Selective Sorbents Pyanova L.G.,. Baklanova O.N,. Likholobov V.A., Sedanova A.V.,. Knyazheva O.A. (P.56 )

A radically new approach to modification of nanodisperse carbon materials with polymers of amino and hydroxy acids is presented. Physicochemical properties of such materials were studied.

Key words: nanodisperse carbon, modification, polymers of amino and hydroxy acids, physicochemical properties of carbon materials

New Trends in the Application of CarbonBlack: Hydrogels And Cryogels Kokhanovskaya O.A., Razdyakonova G.I., Altunina L.K., Likholobov V.A. (P.60 )

Effect of physicochemical properties of carbon black on the structure and properties of filled polyvinyl alcohol cryogels is studied. Possible applications of the filled cryogels are shown. Properties of the new material are described.

Key words: carbon black, cryogel, hydrogel, elastic modulus of gels

Effect of Industrial and Modified Carbon Black Brands on Physicomechanical and Vibration Dynamic Properties of Rubbers Malyutin V.I., اTribelskiyا I.A., Bokhan V.V., Razdyakonova G.I. (P.64 )

Effect of series-produced carbon black brands and their oxidized modifications on mechanical and in particular, vibration dynamic properties of technical rubbers based on SBR were studied. The advantages of some brands for the development of rubbers of high vibration-proof insulation properties are demonstrated.

Key words: carbon black, oxidized carbon black, technical rubbers, vibration insulation, dynamic modulus, loss tangent

Application of Carbon Black in the Dipping Compounds to Improve Operating Characteristics of Rubber/Cord Composites Andreykova L.N., Khodakova S.Ya., Khorova E.A. (P.68 )

The adhesion strength and dynamic fatigue of the rubber-cord system containing dispersion of carbon black in the dipping layer were studied. Aramid cord dipped with the compound containing carbon black provides the best properties of the rubber/cord system.

Key words: aramid cord threads, dipping compound, adhesive properties, rubber/cord composite, dynamic fatigue

Nanodisperse Carbon-Based Sorbent Modified by Poly-N-Vinilpyrrolidone Pyanova L.G., Baklanova O.N., Likholobov V.A., Knyazheva O.A., Sedanova A.V. (P.70 )

Modification of mesoporous nanodisperse carbon-based sorbent by dipping of solution of N-vinylpyrrolidone with initiator and followed polymerization was performed. Properties of the resulting samples were studied using a complex of physicochemical methods. Antibacterial and disintoxication properties of prolonged action of modified carbon sorbent were shown.

Key words: nanodisperse carbon, carbon sorbent, modification, N-vinylpyrrolidone, polymerization, electron microscopy, DTA

III All-Russian Conference Rubber-2013: Traditions and Innovations Reznichenko S.V., Morozov Yu.L., Konikova T.B. (P.73 )

Review of papers presented on III All-Russian Conference Rubber-2013: Traditions and Innovations (Moscow, 24 25. 04. 2013).






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